Early season mangoes may take longer to ripen than middle-to-late season ones.
Store and ship mature green mangoes at temperatures of about 13°C.
Before ripening begins, the fruit pulp temperatures should be raised to 20 to 22°C. Once the fruit pulp temperature stabilizes, apply 100 ppm ethylene for a minimum of 12 hours. Actual time of exposure to ethylene is determined by the maturity of the fruit; a slight change in fruit color indicates that the mangoes are producing ethylene and the external ethylene source is no longer needed.
Humidity is very important and it should be maintained at 90-95%.
Carbon dioxide will build up during ripening. If no automatic ventilation system is in place, then be sure to vent the room approximately every 12 hours by opening the doors for 20 minutes even while applying ethylene. The actual CO2 level must be kept below 1% for proper ripening.
After ethylene application, keep pulp temperature at 18 to 22°C until desired level of ripeness is attained (typically 5 – 9 days). Then store ripened mangoes at 10 to 13°C in a high humidity environment and ship to final destination soon.
These recommendations were amassed from a diverse number of sources for use by clients of Catalytic Generators Australia. While we have made great effort to provide accurate and current ripening techniques, Catalytic Generators makes no warranties regarding these recommendations or the applicability of such information to a particular ripening operation. Please note that we do not provide these recommendations as a replacement for technical ripening experts; if having ripening problems or starting a ripening program, we suggest that professionals be consulted.